Garden design may be a very personal thing and is usually an expression of your personality. What i prefer you, you’ll not and vise versa. Some people like neat and tidy gardens where there are not any surprises, others love the joys of windy paths, many different material and not knowing what’s round the corner. There are three main sorts of gardens formal, semi formal and informal. they will then be divided into many sorts of gardens which depends on what you’d like. Garden design are often intimately tidied to the design of your house as in example of the grand french chateaux where the geometric patterns of the garden mimic the geometric construction of the house or it can haven’t any connection to your house in the least .

Some people are lucky and have this innate gift of knowing the way to design space, making it a satisfying place to be in. Others do not have this gene and find it very difficult to visualise how the space will work. to make an honest design it’s important you understand that style is about managing space and other people traveling it. The core of excellent garden design centres round patterns and therefore the space within these patterns. By using geometrical shapes, circles, triangles, rectangles etc. you’ll achieve a unified feel to your garden. So you would like to believe ground patterns and movement around your garden. Where would you wish people to go? Ground patterns are often achieved with the utilization of bricks, paving and material like cut grass etc.

Formal gardens are symmetrical and geometrical and are strict in terms of repeating patterns and plant materials on either side. it’s very controlled, plants are clipped, shaped, manipulated regularly and today is usually suitable for little gardens like court yards. Urns, balustrades, stone, gravel paths, parterres, formal pools and framed views are all a part of the garden . There are not any surprises, you recognize what to expect.

Informal designs are asymmetrical and not as regimented. material is allowed to spill over the structural elements like walls, steps and paths. material is allowed to self-seed and wander round the garden. Informal garden design is softer, filled with surprises thus you do not know what to expect.

And semi formal is that the combination of the above two. Usually it’s the built structures like retaining walls, paths and steps that are formal and therefore the informal element is that the material which is allowed to spill over them, softening their hard outlines.

Within these three types, there are many various sorts of gardens to settle on from like contemporary, Japanese, Mediterranean, cottage, courtyard, vegetable garden or secret garden.

Contemporary may be a modern style that likes to reflect the encompassing but also use a good range of material . Form and texture of foliage are as important as flowers. Hard landscaping is woven into geometrical shaped buildings; all of which flow into the broader landscape. Plants are used as focal points to spotlight the architectural forms.

Cottage was a late nineteenth-century ideal to return to the straightforward cottages of the country. They were planted with hardy bulbs, flowers, fruit bushes and herbs and vegetables. They were geometric, colours were harmonised and opulent as plants grew well as they were heavily manured regularly.

Mediterranean isn’t limited to at least one particular area but are defined consistent with hot summers and low rainfall. They encompass entertaining areas, shade, good views and dramatic shadows. Hot colourful plants are used and much of lush green foliage plants to make a cool atmosphere. Plants got to be drought tolerant. Evergreen plants are popular because they cast shade on hot days. Walls are white washed to reflect the sun, pergolas built to make shade and use terracotta pots. there’s often a water feature and water provides cooling vibes.

Japanese gardens encompasses religion and Japan’s cultural history. Japanese gardens are very symbolic often the symbols relate to nature. Plants are ‘tamed’ and there’s a stress on evergreen trees and shrubs. they’re very controlled and sometimes minimalist. True Japanese gardens are contemplative an area of meditation and great calm.


If you are feeling overwhelmed and do not know where to start out when designing your garden, I suggest you break it up into areas called rooms thus dividing one big space into several smaller spaces. For example: there’s the front garden, the side garden and therefore the back garden. Once you’ve got decided where they start and end you’ll then divide each of these areas up again. for instance within the back garden you’ll have the entertaining area, the grass/children’s area, the utilities area (includes the compost pile and shed), the pool area and therefore the vegetable/orchard area. Once you’ve got defined the areas/rooms you’ll tackle one at a time, thus making an enormous project into several smaller projects.

The Three Planning Stages

To create a stimulating and exciting garden there are 3 sets of plans (may be four if you would like an engineer’s structural plans) you would like to devise:- Site Analysis Plan, Concept Plan and Planting Plan, usually all drawn to scale.

The First Steps

To design a garden that works there are several belongings you got to do before buying plants and planting them. If you follow these steps you’re more likely to possess a successful garden.

Site Analysis

It is important to form a listing of the world you’re designing. Things to incorporate are:

Levels – steep/flat
Aspect – North/south
Sun Summer/Winter
Existing trees and buildings
Views – good and bad
Soil conditions
Entrances – Front/back doors
Power lines
Underground cables and pipes
Clothes line
Sheds and garages
Paved and unpaved areas
Drainage – runoff of storm watered

Once you’ve got noted the above, it’s time to draw up the space. you’ll draw it roughly (not to scale) but eventually you’ll need to draw it to scale. Start by measuring the world you’re designing, draw it to scale ie. 1:100 and put all the above points onto your drawn plan. of these influences got to be drawn on paper, in order that you’ll gauge any trends. for instance there could be a paved path from the rear door to the garage, but everyone takes a brief cut across the lawn, creating a desire line. No – one uses the paved path. So perhaps pave the will line and make it the official path.

The next step is that the concept plan and this is often the plan where you set down you ideas. It are often as wild and as adventurous as you wish . Forget cost, enjoy your creativity. this is often the stage where you set down your dreams of what you’ve got always wanted. Later on, you pocket will decide for you whether you’ll have them. Anything is feasible , so do not be shy, dream away. Again this will be roughly drawn or to scale, it’s up to you.

The third and final plan is that the planting plan and it’s preferable that it’s drawn to scale as this enables you to understand exactly what percentage plants you’ll need. It incorporates all the ideas you’ve got decided upon and shows you ways the finished garden goes to seem . it’s the road map which can guide you to putting together your new garden.

There could also be a fourth plan if your site is steep otherwise you are having major elements built, as you’ll need the recommendation of an engineer.

Points to think about

Think about your soil conditions, is it heavy clay or light and sandy? What plants will grow in these conditions? Are some areas boggy and a few always dry?

Sun conditions

The sun is higher within the sky during spring and summer and shadows are shorter. Whereas in winter, the sun is lower within the sky and casts longer shadows. So a plant could be fully sun in summer and complete shade in winter. Can it tolerate this? Also believe the conditions the plants require. Are they full sun plants like roses or shade loving plants like azaleas?


You also got to believe wind direction. Which way does the wind come from? Screens and hedges are a method of managing this problem but what problems are they getting to cause? Making the block feel narrow, casting shadows etc? it’s important to understand because some plants do not like wind and it’s no good putting the BBQ/entertainment area in an uncomfortable spot.

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