Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration is an eye-diseases that results in vision loss, or more precisely vision loss in the centre of the vision field. 

It is caused due to the retrogression of the macula; it is a small area in the retina’s centre at the back of the eye. This disease alters your central vision not peripheral vision hence one does not become totally blind sighted. If you have even a shadow of a doubt of this disease then reach out to the best eye hospital in Dehradun as early as possible for treatment. 

It is reported in population-based studies that India has around 77 million people who are affected by age-related macular degeneration and the figure is most likely to go up in upcoming years.

In today’s article, we’ll discuss the symptoms, causes and treatment required for age-related macular degeneration. 

Prior to that let’s cover the basics of this eye condition.

AMD or Age-related macular degeneration is of two types:-

1– Dry

2– Wet 

DRY AMD   WET AMD  
Affects 80-90% of people. Affects only 10-15% of the populace.  
Occurs due to the thinning of macula with age and formation of tiny clumps of protein called Drusen. Occurs due to the development of abnormal blood vessels under the retina and macula.  

Visiting an eye hospital in Dehradun is the best way to treat this condition with ease.

SYMPTOMS

– Reduced central vision.

– The straight lines in your vision field seems distorted.

– Difficulty in low lightening and demand of bright lightning goes up by the patient. 

– Blurred vision.

– Difficulty in recognizing faces.

– Damaged retina.

CAUSES

– Mostly the age group above 55 years old are prone to age-related macular degeneration.

– Another risk factor can be inherited AMD.

– Smoking 

– Obesity

– People with cardiovascular diseases and high cholesterol are also susceptible to age-related macular degeneration.

#Fact- According to research, white people are affected more by AMD than other populations.

Now, let’s look at the treatment you can expect in the best eye hospital in Dehradun for AMD.

TREATMENT

Dry age-related macular degeneration treatment – 

– Eye specialists suggest getting operate for improving vision, in which they implant a telescopic lens in the patient’s eyes. 

– Sometimes, eye doctors also suggest getting the assistance of low vision rehabilitation doctors.

Wet age-related macular degeneration – 

– Working with low vision rehabilitation benefits the patient.

– Medications such as endothelial growth factors (ANTI-VEGF drugs) are also injected to stop the growth of blood vessels.

– Wet age-related macular degeneration is also treated with Photodynamic therapy.

To prevent AMD the top eye specialist’s, recommend exercising, quitting smoking, maintaining weight and eating healthy.

If you observe any of the symptoms of age-related macular degeneration in yourself or your loved one then visit Shree eye care Hospital in Dehradun. The early it is diagnosed, the better your eye health will be.